The Dark Side of Paragard: IUD Leaves Thousands of Women Injured

The once-trusted copper IUD, designed to provide peace of mind for up to a decade, has betrayed the very

The Dark Side of Paragard: IUD Leaves Thousands of Women Injured

The once-trusted copper IUD, designed to provide peace of mind for up to a decade, has betrayed the very women who put their faith in it.

Countless victims now find themselves entangled in a web of legal battles, seeking justice from manufacturers they accuse of designing a defective product. Their harrowing stories paint a dark picture of a medical device gone terribly wrong. It shattered not only the Paragard but also the lives of those who trusted it with their reproductive health.

How Do IUDs Work?

Many American women use long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) in the form of intrauterine devices (IUDs). Depending on the type, IUDs can effectively prevent pregnancy for three to ten years. A small, flexible T-shaped device called an IUD is inserted via the vaginal opening into the uterus.

IUDs work differently than other birth control methods, like oral contraceptive pills. IUDs come in two primary varieties: hormonal and copper.

Hormonal IUDs slowly release progestin, a synthetic progesterone hormone. This thickens cervical mucus to block sperm from reaching an egg. Copper IUDs contain a small amount of copper instead of hormones. The copper creates an immune response in the uterus, making it inhospitable for sperm.

There are currently four hormonal IUD brands approved for use in the United States. Mirena is FDA-approved for up to 8 years, while Liletta, Kyleena and Skyla are approved for 3 to 5 years, depending on the model.

The copper IUD Paragard is approved for 10 full years of protection. Doctors can remove an IUD at any time, and a woman can get pregnant once it is taken out. Overall, IUDs offer highly effective long-term contraception.

Why Are Paragard IUDs Problematic?

The Paragard IUD is a long-term contraceptive device consisting of plastic and copper. It works by causing an inflammatory reaction in the uterus to impair sperm movement. However, some users have experienced complications.

The Paragard lawsuit has been filed due to reports of the IUD fracturing or breaking during removal, sometimes causing severe injuries requiring surgery. There are also claims of injuries occurring from improper placement or migration of the device.

According to TorHoerman Law, additional complications cited in lawsuits include strong inflammatory reactions in some individuals that result in excessive pain, cramping, or bleeding. Some reports indicate the copper wire can become tangled or stuck during removal, potentially lacerating tissue.

Critics argue manufacturers failed to properly warn patients and medical professionals about these potential defects, breakage issues, and risks. As a result, uninformed users may have suffered avoidable harm.

While effective birth control for many, ongoing litigation points to a need for greater transparency around safety concerns.

Further research could help characterize factors affecting individual responses and risks to help patients make informed choices. Manufacturers continuing rigorous testing and post-market vigilance may also help address safety issues proactively if problems are identified.

Are There Any Efficient Alternatives to Explore?


A tiny, flexible silicone cup called a diaphragm is put into the vagina to cover the cervix as a method of birth control.

According to research, diaphragms are 94% effective when used correctly at every instance of intercourse. However, in typical usage, the success rate is around 83%, meaning about 17 out of every 100 diaphragm users may experience unintended pregnancy.

Diaphragms are intended to be used with spermicide. Spermicide, available in cream or gel form, is applied around the rim of the diaphragm and into the vagina before insertion near the cervix. The spermicide works to immobilize sperm and further reduce the chances of pregnancy.

Most diaphragms require proper fitting by a healthcare provider. Fitted diaphragms can then typically be reused safely and effectively for approximately 2 years with regular doctor check-ups. Correct usage should allow intercourse without either partner feeling the device. Some general use diaphragms are also available without a fitting appointment.

For maximum protection, diaphragms should remain in place for 6 hours after intercourse but be removed within 24 hours. If additional intercourse occurs within that 24-hour time span, a new spermicide application is recommended. Diaphragms do not protect against STIs and should not be worn during menstruation.


Spermicides are chemical contraceptive agents designed to immobilize or destroy sperm cells, thereby preventing fertilization. These over-the-counter products are available in various forms, such as gels, foams, and suppositories, and are inserted into the vagina before sexual intercourse.

While spermicides can be used as a standalone contraceptive method, they are more commonly employed in conjunction with other birth control methods, such as condoms or diaphragms, to enhance their efficacy. However, when used alone, spermicides have a relatively high failure rate, with approximately 28% of users becoming pregnant within a year of typical use.

The active ingredient in most spermicidal products is a chemical called nonoxynol-9, which can cause allergic reactions or sensitivity in some individuals. It is important to note that spermicides should not be rinsed out of the vagina for at least 8 hours after use, as their effectiveness may be compromised by early removal. Additionally, some leakage is common, which can lead to reduced efficacy.

One significant limitation of spermicides is that they do not provide protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV. In fact, the potential irritation caused by spermicides in the vaginal area may increase the risk of contracting certain STIs.

It is crucial for users to understand the effectiveness and limitations of spermicides. They should consult with healthcare professionals to determine the most suitable contraceptive method or combination of methods based on their individual needs and risk factors.


1. What is the primary risk associated with IUDs?

A: The most significant risk of using an IUD is infection. IUD-related infections typically result from the insertion process. While the risk of infection is minimal, if it occurs, it can usually be treated without removing the IUD.

2. Who should avoid using an IUD?

A: IUDs are a viable birth control choice for numerous individuals but aren’t advisable for those with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or an active sexually transmitted infection. They’re also not suitable for individuals who are already pregnant or may be pregnant, as well as those with uterine issues like disease, malformation, or abnormal bleeding.

3. What are the adverse effects of IUDs?

A: Copper IUDs often lead to increased bleeding and cramping during menstruation, particularly in the first 3-6 months. However, for many people, these symptoms improve over time. Side effects of the Paragard IUD can include spotting between periods.

The Paragard IUD controversy serves as a sobering reminder that even trusted medical devices can have hidden flaws and unintended consequences. As women seek reproductive autonomy and reliable contraceptive options, they deserve complete transparency about potential risks and a range of safe alternatives.

While the ongoing legal battles may bring accountability, they also underscore the need for more rigorous testing, post-market surveillance, and open dialogue between manufacturers, healthcare providers, and patients.

Ultimately, the goal should be to empower women with accurate information and a variety of thoroughly vetted choices, enabling them to make informed decisions that align with their individual needs and priorities.

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